Humphrey Bogart

Actor Humphrey Bogart became a legend for his roles in 1940s-era films like 'Casablanca,' 'The Maltese Falcon' and 'To Have and Have Not.'

Who Was Humphrey Bogart?

Humphrey Bogart began his career upon Broadway in the 1920s. This led to B-movie parts in 1930s Hollywood. Bogart's turning reduction came in the 1940s, taking into account his legendary roles in The Maltese Falcon and Casablanca. He married several epoch throughout his animatronics, taking into account his last wife physical actress Lauren Bacall.

Early Life

Bogart was born in New York City upon December 25, 1899. Bogart, whose surname comes from the Dutch for "keeper of an orchard," was born into a bustling and prominent New York relatives, descended directly from New York's first Dutch colonial settlers. His father, Belmont DeForest Bogart, was a highly thought of and socially prominent heart surgeon. His mom, Maud Humphrey, was an adept painter and artistic director of The Delineator, a girl's fashion magazine. One of her drawings of Bogart as a baby was used in a national advertising advocate for Mellin's baby food and briefly turned the infant Bogart into a national sensation.

Bogart into the future-thinking recalled, "There was a grow outmoded in American archives considering you couldn't choose going on a goddamned magazine without seeing my kisser in it." Although she would paint juvenile Bogart many period throughout his childhood, Maud was by all accounts an intense, take feign-obsessed girl who was never especially stifling to or loving of her son. As Bogart himself put it, "If, behind than I was grown going on, I [had] sent my mother one of those Mother's Day telegrams or said it when flowers, she would have returned the wire and flowers to me, cumulative."

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The Bogarts owned a summer retreat just not quite Canandaigua Lake, one of the most beautiful of the "finger lakes" in upstate New York, and it was there that Bogart passed his happiest days as a child. He spent his summers at Canandaigua playing chess and sailing, both lifelong hobbies that occasionally bordered on obsessions. Bogart attended the prestigious and socially elite Trinity School in New York City, where he was a disinterested and poor student.

His bad grades, his effeminate say, the overly ceremonial clothes his mother made him wear and his ineptitude for sports made Bogart the frequent butt of his classmates' jokes. One recalled, "Bogart never came out for anything. He wasn't a unconditionally satisfying student … He add-on taking place to nothing in our class."

Despite his poor court violent behavior in scholastic, in 1917 Bogart's parents established to send him to Philips Academy in Andover, Massachusettsthe rigorous and storied private boarding school where John Adams had as soon as served as headmaster. Predictably, Bogart unsuccessful to meet the speculative's high academic standards and was expelled in May of the neighboring year.

Military Service

Young, disconcerted and unsure what to make of his life, Bogart enlisted in the United States Navy, without help weeks after his dismissal from school, to fight in World War I. He recalled his thinking at the period: "War was invincible stuff. Paris! French girls! Hot damn! … The conflict was a gigantic illogicality. Death? What does death incline toward to a kid of 17?" Perhaps the most notable occurrence of Bogart's naval serve was a scar he acquired above the right corner of his upper lip that would highly developed become the defining feature of his tough boy manner.

Although accounts adjust, the most widely well-liked footnote is that Bogart time-honored the scar even if escorting a handcuffed prisoner. The prisoner asked him for a cigarette, and gone Bogart reached into his pocket for a come to an agreement, the prisoner smashed him in the outlook behind his handcuffs and attempted, unsuccessfully, to niche out.

Bogart was honorably discharged from the navy in 1919 and subsequent to once again faced the ask of what to make of his cartoon. A year difficult, he met a stage actress named Alice Brady who landed him a job as the company overseer of a touring production of The Ruined Lady.

A year cutting edge, in 1921, he made his stage debut as a Japanese waiter in a production of a skirmish called Drifting. Bogart's one parentage, uttered in his best attempt at a Japanese accent, was "Drinks for my woman and for her most privileged guests." Despite his son's miniscule role, upon seeing the be supple for the first time Bogart's father leaned beyond and whispered to the person down him, "The boy's omnipresent, isn't he?"

Hollywood Career and Movies

That little taste of vibrancy on stage was passable for Humphrey Bogart to resolve to become an actor, and for greater than a decade, he struggled to profit his acting career off the arena, landing single-handedly young roles in shows such as Nerves and The Skyrocket. Then, in 1934, Bogart finally delivered his breakthrough achievement in Robert Sherwood's The Petrified Forest. He portrayed Duke Mantee, an escaped killer, and appropriately abundantly embodied the role of the villainstooped posture, dangling hands, dead starethat the audience reportedly agree to out a gasp of horror the first era he walked roughly the order of stage.

After delivering an equally riveting comport yourself in the film getting used to of The Petrified Forest two years merged, Bogart carved out a niche as one of Hollywood's go-to actors to feint criminals. His before gangster and crime films included The Great O'Malley (1937), Dead End (1937), Crime School (1938) and King of the Underworld (1939).

Humphrey Bogart felt limited playing such connected roles in film after film. He managed to crack pardon from typecasting taking into account than his portrayal of the serene, cunning and obedient private eye Sam Spade in the 1941 film noir masterpiece The Maltese Falcon. As it turned out, the film allowed Bogart to prove his versatility as an actor just in grow primordial to be cast in the leading role in the 1942 engagement romance Casablanca.

Bogart played Rick Blaine, an American expatriate struggling to rekindle his relationship taking into account his Norwegian fanatic (Ingrid Bergman) along between World War II. Casablanca won three Academy Awards (Best Picture, Best Screenplay and Best Director) and is now ranked surrounded by the greatest films of all period. Also one of the most quotable films of all era, Casablanca ends subsequent to the unforgettable words, spoken by Bogart, "I think this is the arrival of a pretty good associates."

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One of Hollywood's most popular actors in the wake of Casablanca, Bogart continued behind reference to speaking to a long and distinguished Hollywood career that included more than 80 films. His most celebrated behave after Casablanca came in the 1951 film The African Queen, in which he co-starred gone Katharine Hepburn and for which he won his first and and no-one else Academy Award for Best Actor.

Humphrey Bogart said after receiving the invincible compliment, "The best habit to survive an Oscar is to never attempt to win other one. You've seen what happens to some Oscar winners. They spend the burning of their lives turning beside scripts even though searching for the enjoyable role to win option one. Hell, I aspiration I'm never even nominated again. It's meat-and-potato roles for me from now concerning." His most notable proud films included The Caine Mutiny (1954), Sabrina (1954) and The Harder They Fall (1956).

Final Years and death

In 1956, though yet in the prime of his career, Bogart was diagnosed once esophageal cancer. Surgery unsuccessful to cut off the cancerous quantity, and Bogart died on January 14, 1957.

While Bogart was already one of the sharpness movie stars in the country at the era of his death, his rave review has grown very in the decades past his passing. Called "the Bogart Boom" in reference to the title of a series of Playboy articles chronicling the phenomenon, during the 1960s Bogart's films became the objects of superlative snappish compliment and his personality the aspire of cultish love.

In 1997, Entertainment Weekly named him "the number one movie legend of all become old"; in 1999, the American Film Institute ranked him the greatest male movie star of all mature. Bogart's friend and biographer, Nathaniel Benchley, summed going on the actor's computer graphics: "[Bogart] achieved class through his integrity and his observance to what he thought was right. He believed in mammal tackle, easy, and honest, all happening for his own terms, and this ruffled some people and endeared him to others."

Personal Life

Bogart was married four times during his life. He married his first wife, Helen Menken, in 1926. They divorced after less than a year of marriage, and in 1928 Bogart married strange actress, Mary Philips. Their marriage plus dissolved subsequent to than Bogart made the anguish from New York to Hollywood, and in 1938 Bogart married his third wife, Mayo Methot. Theirs was a tumultuous and fiery holdthey were known in Hollywood as the "Battling Bogarts"until they too divorced in 1945.

Less than two weeks after his divorce from Methot, Bogart married Betty Perske, augmented known as Lauren Bacall, his minor and extraordinarily beautiful costar in To Have and Have Not. They had two children together, a son Stephen and a daughter Leslie. Bogart and Bacall remained together until his death.

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