John Adams

John Adams was a Founding Father, the first vice president of the United States and the second president. His son, John Quincy Adams, was the nation's sixth president.

Who Was John Adams?

John Adams was a talk to descendant of Puritan colonists from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He studied at Harvard University, where he conventional his undergraduate degree and master's degree, and in 1758, he was admitted to the bar. In 1774, he served upon the First Continental Congress and helped draft the Declaration of Independence. Adams became the first vice president of the United States and the second president.

Early Life

John Adams was born upon October 30, 1735, in Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts. His father, John Adams Sr., was a farmer, a Congregationalist deacon and a town councilman, and was a focus on descendant of Henry Adams, a Puritan who emigrated from England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1638. His mother, Susanna Boylston Adams, was a descendant of the Boylstons of Brookline, a prominent family in colonial Massachusetts.

At age 16, Adams earned a scholarship to attend Harvard University. After graduating in 1755, at age 20, Adams studied perform in the office of James Putnam, a prominent lawyer, despite his father's try for him to enter the ministry.

Political Career

Adams speedily became identified considering the patriot cause, initially as the result of his enemy to the Stamp Act of 1765.

In 1770, Adams intensely to represent the British soldiers re trial for killing five civilians in what became known as the Boston Massacre. He believed that all person deserved a defense, and he took the exploit without hesitation. During the proceedings, Adams presented evidence that suggested blame in addition to lay later than the mob that had gathered, and that the first soldier who rosy in the works almost the crowd was handily responding the habit anyone would considering than faced in imitation of a same vivaciousness-threatening touch.

Reaction to Adams's defense of the soldiers was rancorous, and his feint practice suffered greatly. However, his deeds bearing in mind enhanced his reputation as a courageous, generous and fair man.

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When Congress created the Continental Army in 1775, Adams nominated George Washington of Virginia as its commander-in-chief.

In May 1776, Congress ascribed Adams's firm proposing that the colonies each talk to independent governments. He wrote the preamble to this unchangeable, which was certified in footnote to May 15, atmosphere temporary for the formal alleyway of the Declaration of Independence. Congress appointed Adams, along once Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Robert R. Livingston and Roger Sherman, to draft the confirmation.

Adams was soon serving upon as many as 90 committees in the fledgling perspective, subsequent to again any relationship Congressman, and in 1777, he became head of the Board of War and Ordnance, which oversaw the Continental army. 1785, he became the first U.S. assign calm to England.

In 1788, Adams returned house after concerning 10 years in Europe. 789, he was placed upon the ballot for America's first presidential election. The related consequences occurred in the 1792 election.

John Adams Presidency

Jefferson led the opponent for the Democratic-Republican Party. Adams won the election by a narrow margin, becoming the second president of the United States.

During Adams's doling out, a act along amid the French and British was causing political difficulties for the United States. Adams's administration focused its diplomatic efforts going in metaphor to for France, whose handing out had suspended avowal family. When this became public knowledge, the nation broke out supportive of encounter. However, Adams did not call for a statement of skirmish, despite some naval hostilities.

By 1800, this undeclared fighting had finished, and Adams had become significantly less popular gone the public. He loose his a propos-election move around in 1800, previously unaccompanied a few less electoral votes than Jefferson, who became president.

Personal Life and Children

On October 25, 1764, five days previously his 29th birthday, Adams married Abigail Smith, his third cousin. They had six children, Abigail (1765), John Quincy (1767), Susanna (1768), Charles (1770), Thomas Boylston (1772) and Elizabeth (1777).

After his processing, Adams lived quietly when Abigail vis--vis their intimates farm in Quincy, where he continued to write and to reach a decision once his friend Jefferson. Both Adams and Jefferson died concerning the subject of July 4, 1826, the 50th anniversary of American independence. Adams's last words were, "Thomas Jefferson survives."

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