Paul Newman (26 January 1925 - 26 September 2008) was an American actor, film director, entrepreneur, humanitarian and auto racing enthusiast. He won several awards, including an Academy Award for Best Actor and eight other nominations, three Golden Globe Awards, a BAFTA (BAFTA) award, a Screen Actors Guild Award for his performance in the 1986 Martin Scorsese film The Color of Money. , An Cannes Film Festival Award, an Emmy Award and several honorary awards.
Newman's father was a Jew, a child of immigrants from Poland and Hungary; [Newman's mother, who practiced Christian science, was a Slovak in TC (formerly Tissi), formerly of Austria-Hungary (now in Slovakia) She was born into a Roman Catholic family.
Newman had no religion as an adult, but described himself as "a Jew", saying "this is a challenging question". Newman's mother worked in her father's store, raising Paul and his brother, Arthur, who later became a producer and production manager.
Newman showed his initial interest in theater, for which his mother encouraged him. At the age of seven, she began her acting career, playing the role of a court jester in a school production of Robin Hood. While graduating from Shaker Heights High School in 1943, he briefly attended Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, where he was inducted into the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity.
Newman made his first appearance at the Broadway theater with Kim Stanley in the original production of William Inge's film Picnic. He later appeared in the original Broadway productions of The Desperate Hours and Sweet Bird of Youth alongside Geraldine Page. He then starred in the film version of Sweet Bird of Youth, in which Page was also cast.
His first film for Hollywood was The Silver Chalice (1954), after which he starred as boxer Rocky Graziano in Some Up There Likes Me (1956); in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958) with Elizabeth Taylor; And starred in The Young Philadelphians (1959) alongside Barbara Rush and Robert Vaughan.
However, before all of the above, he played a small but notable role in an August 8, 1952 episode of the fictional science TV series Tales of Tomorrow based on "Ice from Space", in which he made his first appearance on TV or in the film as Sergeant Wilson Registered.
In February 1954, Newman appeared for a screen test with James Dean for a film directed by Gjon Miley for East of Eden (1955). Newman was being cast for the role of Aaron Trask, while Dean was cast for the role of Caine, Aaron's twin brother. Dean wins his game, but Newman comes out after defeating Richard Davalos.
That same year, Newman co-starred with Eva Marie Saint and Frank Sinatra in a live- and color-television broadcast of the same name of Our Town, a musical rendition of Thornton Wilder's theatrical play. Newman was eventually replaced by James Dean. In 2003, Newman played the role of stage manager in a remake of Our Town.
The author A.E. Newman founded Newman's Own, a chain of food products, in 1982 with Höchner. The brand started with salad dressing and expanded to include pasta sauce, lemonade, popcorn, salsa and wine, among many others. Newman made a policy that after taxes, all types of income will be donated to the charity. By early 2006, the franchise had donated more than $ 250 million.
He wrote a memoir with Höchner on this subject, a shameless exploitation in the profession of public interest (Shameless Exploitation in Pursuit of the Common Good). Among other awards, Newman's Own co-sponsored the Penn / Pennans' Own First Amendment Award, a $ 25,000 award designed for him who works to save First Amendment as it pits the writing world. come into force. Her daughter, Nell Newman, took the reins of the company with her death.
One beneficiary of his philanthropy is Whole in the Wall Gang Camp, a residential summer camp for seriously ill children, located in Ashford, Connecticut. Newman co-founded the camp in 1988; And named it a gang from his film Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969).
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Newman's college fraternity, Phi Kappa Tau, adopted Hole in the Wall in 1995 for its "national philanthropy". This one camp led to the expansion of several Whole in the Wall camps in America, Ireland, France and Israel. These camps provide free service to 13,000 children every year.
In June 1999, Newman donated $ 250,000 to the Catholic Relief Service to help Kosovo refugees.
On June 1, 2007, Kenyon College announced that Newman had donated $ 10 million to create a scholarship fund as part of the college's current $ 230 million-raising campaign. Newman and Woodward were honorary co-chairs of a former campaign
Marriage and Family
Newman had two marriages. He had a matrimonial relationship with Jackie Wright from 1949 to 1958. He had a son from them Scott (1950) and two daughters, Susan Kendall (1953) and Stephanie. Scott Newman, who died due to excessive drug abuse in November 1978, appeared in Breakhart Pass, The Towering Inferno, and a 1977 film, Fraternity Row. Paul Newman opened the Scott Newman Center to prevent drug abuse in memory of his son.
Susan is a documentary filmmaker and philanthropist and has her own Broadway and screen credits, including the lead role as one of the four Beatles in I Wanna Hold Your Hand (1978), and a small accompanying father to Slap Shot. Role is included. He also garnered an Emmy nomination as a co-producer of his telefilm The Shadow Box. Newman also had two grandchildren.
Newman married actress Joan Woodward on 2 February 1958. They had three daughters: Elinor "Nell" Teresa (1959), Melissa "Lissie" Stewart (1961) and Claire "Klee" Olivia (1965). Newman directed Elinor (stage name Nell Potts) for a central role in the film The Effect of Gamma Rage on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds with her mother.
Newman lived away from the Hollywood atmosphere by building his home in Westport, Connecticut. Paul Newman was noted for his devotion to his wife and family. When asked about infidelity, he made a famous quip, "Why go out for a hamburger when there's steak in the house?"
In 1968, for his support of Eugene McCarthy (and the effective use of television commercials in California) and opposition to the Vietnam War, Newman was ranked nineteenth on Richard Nixon's Enemies list,  which he described as his greatest achievement .
He also donated to Chris Dodds' campaign to become president. He participated in the first Earth Day event held on 22 April 1970 in Mänhatan. Newman was also an outspoken advocate of gay rights, including gay marriage.
sickness and death
The author A.E. Hotchner, who started Newman's Own Company in 1980, along with Newman, told the Associated Press that Newman had told him about his illness about 18 months before this interview. In August, after allegedly undergoing chemotherapy, Newman told his family that he wanted to die at his home.
Paul Newman died on 26 September 2008, at the age of 83, among his family and close friends. His ashes were later buried near his home in Westport following a private funeral.