Richard Wright Biography

Pioneering African American writer Richard Wright is best known for the eternal texts 'Black Boy' and 'Native Son.'

Who Was Richard Wright?

Richard Wright was an African American writer and poet who published his first immediate description at the age of 16. Later, he found employment subsequently than the Federal Writers' Project and conventional vital acclaim for Uncle Tom's Children, a store of four stories. He is famous for his 1940 bestseller Native Son and his 1945 autobiography, Black Boy.

Early Life

Richard Nathaniel Wright was born on September 4, 1908, in Roxie, Mississippi. The grandson of slaves and the son of a sharecropper, Wright was largely raised by his mother, a caring woman who became a single parent after her husband left the family when Wright was five years old.

Schooled in Jackson, Mississippi, Wright unaided managed to profit a ninth-grade education, but he was a voracious reader and showed to the front subsequent to mention to that he had a pretentiousness taking into account words. When he was 16, a hasty checking account of his was published in a Southern African American newspaper, an encouraging sign for in the cut off from and wide along prospects. After renunciation scholastic, Wright worked a series of weird jobs, and in his forgive time, he delved into American literature. To pursue his university interests, Wright went as far as to forge remarks hence he could be approving out books upon a white coworker's library card, as Black people were not allowed to use the public libraries in Memphis. The more he buttonhole nearly the world, the more Wright longed to see it and make a permanent fracture from the Jim Crow South. "I agonized my cartoon to proceed for something," he told a friend.

Chicago, New York and the Communist Party

In 1927, Wright finally left the South and moved to Chicago, where he worked at a postscript office and with swept streets. Like consequently many Americans struggling through the Depression, Wright fell prey to bouts of poverty. Along the mannerism, his provocation by now American capitalism led him to connection the Communist Party in 1932. When he could, Wright continued to plow through books and write. He eventually similar the Federal Writers Project, and in 1937, considering dreams of making it as a writer, he moved to New York City, where he was told he stood a enlarged inadvertent of getting published.

Commercial and Critical Successes

'Uncle Tom's Children'

In 1938, Wright published Uncle Tom's Children, a p.s. of four stories that marked a significant turning narrowing in his career. The stories earned him a $500 prize from Story magazine and led to a 1939 Guggenheim Fellowship.

'Native Son'

More approbation followed in 1940 plus the declaration of the novel Native Son, which told the description of a 20-year-prehistoric African American man named Bigger Thomas. The wedding album brought Wright fame and pardon to write. It was a regular atop the bestseller lists and became the first scrap book by an African American writer to be selected by the Book-of-the-Month Club. A stage report, written by Wright and Paul Green, followed in 1941, and Wright himself future played the title role in a film metaphor made in Argentina.

'Black Boy'

In 1945, Wright published Black Boy, which offered a moving account of his childhood and teenager years in the South. It along with depicts extreme poverty and his accounts of racial maltreatment against Black people.

Later Years and Career

After living mainly in Mexico from 1940 to 1946, Wright became so disillusioned with both the Communist Party and white America that he went off to Paris, where he lived the rest of his life as an expatriate. He continued to write novels, including The Outsider (1953) and The Long Dream (1958), and nonfiction, such as Black Power (1954) and White Man, Listen! (1957)

Wright died of a heart attack on November 28, 1960, in Paris, France. His naturalistic fiction no longer has the standing it once enjoyed, but his life and works remain exemplary.

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